President John F. Kennedy took many actions which upset his war-hungry generals and other top business and mafia leaders. One of the first and least-known of these was his putting a stop to plans of the Pentagon's top generals to provoke war with Cuba. The plans were detailed in documents under the title of Operation Northwoods.
Follow the links provided below to the declassified Pentagon documents and an ABC News article on Operation Northwoods. Approved by the top Pentagon chiefs, Operation Northwoods proposed fabricating terrorism in US cities and killing innocent citizens to trick the public into supporting a war against Cuba in the early 1960s. Operation Northwoods even proposed blowing up a US ship and hijacking planes as a false pretext for war. First coming to light in the year 2000 through a Freedom of Information Act request, key excerpts from the Operation Northwoods documents are provided below.
Operation Northwoods on the ABC News website:
15 pages of declassified Joint Chiefs
documents on Operation Northwoods
as posted on the
National Security Archive
of George Washington
Instructions on how to access 181 pages
declassified documents from Operation Northwoods
on the official website of the
US National Archives and Records Administration:
Key quotes from Operation Northwoods
Operation Northwoods documents were approved in writing by the Joint Chiefs
of Staff – the top generals of each branch of the US armed forces – and submitted
to the Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara. The only reason they weren't implemented is that the Kennedy administration rejected the plans. Below are key passages quoted directly from the Operation Northwoods documents. Page numbers are listed to assist in finding the quotes on the
original documents. As you read, ask yourself if similar tactics to those listed below could have been
used in regards to 9/11.
Page 1 of 15-page GWU file on Operation Northwoods (Memorandum)
(View original file
at the link above at the bottom of the page. Note that this is a .pdf file requiring the free Adobe Acrobat Reader)
13 March 1962
THE SECRETARY OF DEFENSE
for US Military Intervention in Cuba
The Joint Chiefs
of Staff have considered the attached Memorandum for the Chief of Operations,
Cuba Project, which responds to a request of that office for brief but precise
description of pretexts which could provide justification for US military
intervention in Cuba.
It is assumed
that a single agency will be given the primary responsibility for developing
military and para-military aspects of the basic plan. It is recommended
that this responsibility for both overt and covert military operations be
assigned the Joint Chiefs of Staff.
Page 5 of 15-page GWU file on Operation Northwoods (page 2 of Pentagon report)
courses of action ... are based on the premise that US military intervention
will result from a period of heightened US-Cuban tensions which place the
United States in the position of suffering justifiable grievances. World
opinion, and the United Nations forum should be favorably affected by developing
the international image of the Cuban government as rash and irresponsible,
and as an alarming and unpredictable threat to the peace of the Western
Page 8 of 15-page GWU file on Operation Northwoods (page 5 of Pentagon report)
This plan ... should
be developed to focus all efforts on a specific ultimate objective which
would provide adequate justification for US military intervention. Such
a plan would enable a logical build-up of incidents to be combined with
other seemingly unrelated events to camouflage the ultimate objective.
of 15-page GWU file on Northwoods (page 7-8 of Joint Chiefs report)
A series of
well coordinated incidents will be planned to take place in and around Guantanamo
to give genuine appearance of being done by hostile Cuban forces.
to establish a credible attack:
Start rumors (many). Use
Land friendly Cubans in
uniform "over-the-fence" to stage attack on base.
Capture Cuban (friendly)
saboteurs inside the base.
Start riots near the base
main gate (friendly Cubans).
Blow up ammunition inside
the base: start fires.
Burn aircraft on air base
Lob mortar shells from outside
of base into base.
Capture assault teams approaching
from the sea or vicinity of Guantanamo City.
Capture militia group which
ship in harbor; large fires – naphthalene.
Sink ship near harbor entrance. Conduct funerals
the Maine" incident could be arranged: We
could blow up a US ship in Guantanamo Bay and blame Cuba. Casualty lists
in US newspapers would cause a helpful wave of national indignation.
We could develop
a Communist Cuban terror campaign in the Miami area, in other Florida cities
and even in Washington.
of 15-page GWU file on Operation Northwoods (page 9 of Pentagon report)
Use of MIG type
aircraft by US pilots could provide additional provocation. Harassment of
civil air, attacks on surface shipping and destruction of US military drone
aircraft by MIG type planes would be useful as complementary actions. Reasonable
copies of the MIG could be produced from US resources in about three months.
Page 13 of 15-page GWU file on Operation Northwoods (page 10 of Pentagon report)
against civil air and surface craft should appear to continue as harassing
measures condoned by the government of Cuba.
It is possible
to create an incident which will demonstrate convincingly that a Cuban aircraft
has attacked and shot down a chartered civil airliner enroute from the United
States. The destination would be chosen only to cause the flight plan to
cross Cuba. The passengers could be a group of college students off on a
at Eglin AFB would be painted and numbered as an exact duplicate for a civil
registered aircraft belonging to a CIA proprietary organization in the Miami
area. At the designated time the duplicate would be substituted for the
actual civil aircraft and would be loaded with selected passengers, all
boarded under carefully prepared aliases. The actual aircraft would be converted
to a drone.
The drone aircraft
and the actual aircraft will be scheduled to allow a rendezvous south of
Florida. From the rendezvous point the passenger-carrying aircraft will
descend to minimum altitude and go directly into an auxiliary field at Eglin
AFB where arrangements will have been made to evacuate the passengers and
return the aircraft to its original status. The drone aircraft meanwhile
will continue to fly the filed flight plan. When over Cuba the drone will
be transmitting on the international distress frequency a "MAY DAY" message
stating he is under attack by Cuban MIG aircraft. The transmission will
be interrupted by destruction of the aircraft which will be triggered by
What We Can Do
Remember that many government and military leaders think of this like a chess game. Sometimes you have to sacrifice your own pieces in order to win the game. Zbigniew Brzezinski, former U.S. National Security Advisor and co-founder of the Trilateral Commission, titled his 1998 book The Grand Chessboard: American Primacy and Its Geostrategic Imperatives. In this seminal book on American foreign policy, Brzezinski states that because of popular resistance to U.S. military expansionism, his ambitious strategy for "American global primacy" can't be implemented "except in the circumstance of a truly massive and widely perceived direct external threat." (The Grand Chessboard, page 211).
Consider also that in September 2000, a think-tank named Project for the New American Century (PNAC) published a blueprint for maintaining global U.S. preeminence and shaping the international security order in line with American interests. Written before the 2000 Presidential election, this revealing report was commissioned by future Vice President Cheney, Defense Secretary Rumsfeld, Deputy Defense Secretary Wolfowitz, and Florida Governor Jeb Bush. The report shows that the Bush administration intended to take military control of Persian Gulf oil whether or not Saddam Hussein was in power. [See article in Sunday Herald, 9/7/02 or click here to download the report – Rebuilding America's Defenses]
Considering the above information, is it beyond comprehension that tactics similar to Operation Northwoods might have been used in relation to the 9/11 attacks in order to create "a truly massive and widely perceived direct external threat?" Could 9/11 have been the pretext upon which to build a War on Terror in order to "maintain global US preeminence?" Might the 9/11 attacks have been allowed to happen, or even facilitated and manipulated by elements of the U.S. government and military?
We invite you to explore a two-page summary of easily verifiable facts with links direct to major media sources which suggest a major 9/11 cover-up by clicking here. The highly revealing documentary "9/11: Press for Truth" also explores the above facts and much more. For additional empowering information on these and other reliable resources on the 9/11 cover-up, visit our 9/11 Information Center. We draw no firm conclusions in the resources we provide. We present reliable, easily verifiable facts and information with minimum interpretation, inviting you to draw your own conclusions.
We invite you now to join in making a difference in our world. By spreading this information far and wide, we can help many others to wake up to what is happening. Together, we can build the critical mass necessary to strengthen democracy, and to change this world for the better. We thank you for caring enough to explore this vital information. May we find empowering ways to work together to build a brighter future for us all.
What you can do:
- Inform your media and political representatives of this vital information on Operation Northwoods and 9/11. To contact those close to you, click here. Urge them to call for the release of classified documents and videos and to press for a new, impartial investigation of 9/11.
- Explore the wealth of reliable, verifiable information on 9/11, including several excellent documentaries, in our 9/11 Information Center available here.
- Learn more about 9/11 and the secret societies likely involved in this powerful lesson from the free Insight Course.
- Explore inspiring ideas on how we can build a brighter future by reading this short essay.
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