By Armen Victorian
The Secret Agenda
According to the Central Intelligence Agency's Fact Book,  the United States has carried on foreign intelligence activities since the days of George Washington, but only since World War II have they been coordinated on a government-wide basis. Under the provisions of the National Security Act of 1947, the NSC (National Security Council) and the CIA were established. P. 1-4
Five months after the CIA's creation, the NSC held its first meeting. James Forrestal, the Secretary of Defense, pushed for the CIA to begin a 'secret war' against the Soviets. Forrestal's initiative led to the execution of psychological warfare operations (psy-ops) in Europe. It was decided that the communist threat took priority over constitutional rights. A Presidential Secret Order had the effect of greatly increasing the CIA's powers. P. 7,8
The concept of running a secret 'black' project was no longer novel. In 1941, Roosevelt decided, without consulting Congress, that the US should proceed with the utmost secrecy to develop an atomic bomb. Secrecy shrouded the Manhattan Project (the atomic bomb program) to the extent that Vice President Harry Truman knew nothing about it. The project meant that by 1947, the government had already gained vast experience in the initiation of secret operations. The existence of 'black projects' funded by 'black budgets' was withheld not only from the public, but also from Congress for reasons of national security. P. 8-10
In 1949, Congress enacted provisions permitting the Agency [CIA] to use confidential fiscal and administrative procedures, and exempting the CIA from many of the usual limitations on the expenditure of federal funds. They exempted the CIA from having to disclose its "functions, names, officials, titles, salaries, or number of personnel employed." P. 4
One of the main areas to be investigated by the CIA was mind control. Many other branches of the government took part in the study of this area. Under the protection of 'national security', these branches embarked on a wide range of macabre programs, including assassination squads, brain washing programs, civilian spying, drug trafficking, illegal arms sales, fomenting civil wars, and toppling foreign governments.  P. 10
The initial CIA mind control projects brought encouraging results. One team was determined to create a 'truth serum'. A number of Nazi chemical specialists (brought into the US via Operation Paperclip)  began to work closely with the American secret services. They worked from American laboratories, developing poison and nerve gases, despite their active and known involvement in the Holocaust. P. 11
1n 1977, an important MKULTRA administrator was taken before a Senate hearing  to answer important questions about CIA mind control projects. He revealed that the CIA had indeed funded a series of such operations. The programs were code named MKULTRA, MKACTION, MKNAOMI, ARTICHOKE, and BLUEBIRD, which involved people being used as guinea pigs in mind experiments. Many subjects lost their sanity and at least two people died. P. 11, 12
MKULTRA involved the use of drugs, sensory deprivation, religious cults, microwaves, psychological conditioning, psychosurgery, brain implants, and other areas of research. It consisted of 149 sub-projects plus another 33 closely related sub-projects, all funded through the black budget. However, from the 1950s to 1962 most of the original records, documents, and research papers were deliberately destroyed. P. 13
The Senate's Church Committee did find some records during its investigation in 1976. However it noted that the practice of MKULTRA was "to maintain no records of the planning and approval of test programs."  Miles Copeland, a former CIA officer of some rank, said, "The congressional sub-committee which went into this got only the barest glimpse."  P. 13, 18
Diligent use of the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) in the US helps to cast light on the advances that have been made in controlling the way people think and act – and how it is possible to sap their will to resist. The FOIA allows the most humble citizen to demand the disclosure of documents, although inevitably some will be heavily censored or not released at all. That is how much of the information in this book has been pieced together. P. 5
It is, however, an incomplete picture. What the mind controllers were and are doing may be only hinted at in a memo footnote or in the memoirs of a retired researcher. Nevertheless, there is more than enough here to show that secret new techniques are being exploited that are no longer in the realm of science fiction. We must all be aware of this threat so that those who wish to take liberties with democracy and with our freedom to think are deterred. P. 6
The CIA's human behavior control program was chiefly motivated by perceived Soviet, Chinese, and North Korean use of mind control techniques. The CIA originated its first program in 1950 under the name BLUEBIRD, which in 1951, after Canada and Britain had been included, was changed to ARTICHOKE. MKULTRA officially began in 1953. Technically it was closed in 1964, but some of its programs remained active under MKSEARCH well into the 1970s. In 1973, tipped off about forthcoming investigations, Richard Helms, then DCI [Director of Central Intelligence], ordered the destruction of any MKULTRA records. P. 17
Project BLUEBIRD was established with the objectives of discovering means of conditioning personnel to prevent unauthorized extraction of information from them, and investigating the possibility of obtaining control of an individual by application of special interrogation techniques. The Korean War – which started almost a year after the beginning of Project BUUEBIRD – was influential. The return of brainwashed POWs encouraged Western intelligence to delve even further into mind control techniques. P. 53
Officially, MKULTRA was established on 13 April 1953, at Richard Helms' suggestion  as "ultra sensitive work." The focal point of MKULTRA was the use of humans as unwitting subjects [without their knowledge]. The CIA sponsored numerous experiments of this kind. Regardless of a report by the CIA's Inspector General in 1963 recommending the termination of testing on unwitting subjects, DCI Richard Helms continued to advocate covert testing on the grounds that "we are less capable of staying up with the Soviet advances in this field." On the subject of moral issues, Helms commented, "we have no answer to the moral issue."  P. 18, 69
In 1963 a CIA Inspector General's report on MKULTRA stated that the program was "concerned with research and development of chemical, biological, and radiological materials capable of employment in clandestine operations to control human behavior" and that radiation was one of the additional "avenues to control the human behavior."  Sub-project 86 proposed "artificial means of establishing positive identification" (known as covert marking) involving ionizing radiation implanted or injected into predetermined sites in the human body.  P. 18-21
The operational wing of MKULTRA, known as MKDELTA, had as its mission to find out how to use chemical and biological weapon ingredients to alter the human mind. In 1952, the CIA initiated yet another program to produce biological weapons called Project MKNAOMI which developed an array of deadly substances for the CIA.  p. 69
From 1950 until the 1970s, the CIA collaborated closely with the US Army  whilst conducting LSD and other chemical tests on humans. Experiments were conducted in which none of the volunteers gave their 'informed consent' prior to receiving LSD. There was a deliberate attempt to deny the volunteers any information that would have permitted them to evaluate the dangers involved. According to the testimony of Charles L. Shirley Jr., one of the volunteers, belief amongst most of the volunteers was that if they declined to participate in the tests, it would have put them in immediate disfavor with their superiors. P. 20, 21, 32
Hallucinogenic-type drug experiments were also conducted by elements of the US Army Intelligence community. Most of the related records have been destroyed. A coordinated psychochemical drug project started in November 1957. The plan was entitled 'Material Testing Program EA 1279' and involved the use of LSD. Experiments were conducted on groups of volunteers to evaluate their ability to lie whilst under the influence of LSD. There were also 'Memory Impairment Tests,' to assess the effects LSD had on memory. Using various National Institute of Mental Health hospitals and facilities, Dr. Harris Isabel ran an Addiction Research Center using LSD and a host of unproven drugs. Particularly appalling was Dr. Isabel's tendency to target black and gay inmates for experimentation. P. 29, 30, 72
A field test plan called for use of LSD on foreign nationals overseas. The Surgeon General  "offered no medical objections to the field experimental plan." Subjects for the proposed field test were to be non-volunteer, foreign nationals. It is clear that from the start to finish the project violated Department of Defense and Department of Army policies, as well as specific procedures set for chemical or medical research. P. 33-36
In 1953, Dr. Frank Olsen, a scientist working for the CIA, was found dead on the pavement outside a New York hotel. The CIA quickly actioned a cover-up of the circumstances surrounding his death. The whole case remained shrouded in mystery until 1975, when it was revealed that Olsen had been one of many people unwittingly given LSD. He had been part of the Agency's experiments with the drug, and LSD had allegedly been a contributory factor in his suicide. The Rockefeller Commission condemned the CIA's cover-up and granted Mrs. Olsen an apology and $750,000. p. 67-70
The Nuremberg trials revealed the extent of Nazi Germany's mind control experimentation on Jewish concentration camp prisoners, as well as prisoners of war. As a result of the trials, 23 German doctors were convicted, and an injunction was brought to the effect that humans should never be used in such a fashion again. On the contrary, such trials only served to attract the interest of the Western intelligence agencies, inspiring them to research and develop methods of controlling and altering the human mind. P.67
On 7 December 1993, Secretary of Energy Hazel O'Leary ordered her department to open classified files covering projects that had involved the use of human beings as guinea pigs since the war. A major project [was] initiated to identify relevant documents. The index itself runs to 150 pages. P. 41
In some instances victims were chosen from hospital patients. Between 1953 and 1957,  William Sweet and his associates at Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston injected at least 11 terminally ill cancer patients with uranium-235. In the 1940s, pregnant women were given cocktails of radioactive material in order to study their effects on the fetus. The Department of Health conducted tests that involved feeding more than 800 pregnant women a cocktail laced with radioactive iron isotope. All the records were destroyed in 1970. P. 42, 43
From December 1962 to April 1963, Harvard researchers, sponsored by the US Public Health Service, fed radioactive iodide to 760 mentally retarded children at the Wrentham State School. Some were as young as one year old. Between 1963 and 1976, Carl Heller from the University of Oregon exposed the testicles of 67 prisoners at Oregon State Prison to ionizing radiation to test the effects of radiation on fertility. The US government carried out radiation experiments in 33 veterans' hospitals during the Cold War. The VA acknowledged in 1993 that military patients in at least 14 facilities were victims of these experiments. P. 45-47
Despite Secretary O'Leary's pledge to compensate the victims, a ruling from the Supreme Court stated that even when someone's constitutional rights are violated by Federal agencies, these agencies cannot be liable for providing any compensation. "We would be creating a potentially enormous financial burden for the federal government," Justice Clarence Thomas wrote for the court. P. 49
In 1950, the Air Force Cambridge Laboratory, using a B-17 bomber, conducted four atmospheric tracking tests of radioactive emissions in New Mexico. Communities living in the area were not informed of the tests. It would have taken at least two weeks before the radioactivity died down in the atmosphere. P. 46
Studies were also conducted on participants who apparently volunteered to view a [nuclear] detonation at certain distances from ground zero. In 1953, the military subjects were told to stand only 2,000 yards from ground zero. Hundreds of thousands of civilians were within 50 miles of nuclear tests held in Nevada. P. 48
The British government, on 9 August 1971, unleashed one of its largest deep interrogation experiments. Irish internees were made to stand with hoods over their heads while electronic noise was played through speakers or headphones. They were naked, half-starved, and abused. Professor Robert Daly:  "Being awakened in the middle of the night, being beaten, lied to, and insulted, was all part of the 'unfreezing process' through which psychological defenses were broken down, and terror and humiliation were induced. Hence, the photographing in the nude, being forced to urinate while running, the sadism and abuse. The aim of the treatment was to cause temporary insanity, a severe psychological injury liable to having lasting consequences." The unprecedented operations in Northern Ireland, prompted Amnesty International and the European Court of Human Rights to intervene. P. 58, 59
In 1952, Andrija Puharich  presented a paper, An Evaluation of the Possible Uses of ESP in Psychological Warfare, to a secret Pentagon gathering. In 1953, he lectured the US Air Force researchers on methods of increasing or decreasing telepathy. He mostly worked on follow-up studies of Soviet experiments. He described biological explanations and hypothetical possibilities for psi [psychic abilities] and also underlined the effects of drugs, which were consistent with the CIA's mind control programs and findings of that era. P. 110, 111
By 1970, US intelligence had become seriously interested in Soviet research into parapsychology. The Soviets used a Czech neologism, psychotronics, to describe their research. CIA analysts were afraid the Soviets might win the psychotronic race. By coining the phrase "Psychic Warfare Gap,' they convinced the NSC to take action. With Congressional approval, they set out to research and examine the nature of this threat.  The CIA adopted a twin-track approach. Publicly, through continuous disinformation campaigns, they endeavored to discredit psychic research. But secretly, they funded a series of projects and programs over a sixteen-year period, on which they spent over $20 million.  P.104-106
Soviet attempts to train their cosmonauts in telepathy initially aroused the CIA's attention.  Their attempts were tested in March 1967, when a coded telepathic message was flashed from Moscow to Leningrad. Four years later, Edgar Mitchell made a similar attempt in the course of his flight with Apollo 14. Mitchell's attempt was based on studies and findings of four years of research and study, funded by the CIA, which started in 1970. p. 107
Stanford Research Institute (SRI) followed the Soviet research line and duplicated experiments. SRI termed their telepathy work Remote Viewing (RV). It was coined in 1971 by Ingo Swann at the American Society for Psychical Research (ASPR). ASPR attempted to locate hidden items using clairvoyant perception. They succeeded. Swann: "The human possesses receptors for organizing information that exceed the limits of the five senses. At least 17 senses have been identified by biologists and neurologists."  P. 108–110
ASPR experiments using a 'beacon' were not of much use for any espionage remote viewing program. Swann developed map coordinates – latitude and longitude – leading to the birth of Project SCANATE on 29 May 1973. When Ingo Swann made his first attempt at remote viewing a site having only been given coordinates, he had startling results. He described the features of the small French administered island of Kerguelen in the Indian Ocean, including the layout of buildings and what appeared to be a joint French-Soviet meteorological research installation. He even drew a passable map of the island. P. 111, 112
Pat Price gave an equally detailed account of a site, given only a set of map coordinates for the target. In a five-page commentary of his remote viewing tour, Price started off 1,500 feet above the site and went through a complex of buildings and underground storage areas. The report described communication and computer equipment manned by Army personnel, names on desks in the building, and even the labels on file folders in a locked cabinet in one room.  He quoted code words and named the site – Haystack – and the personnel stationed there. A security officer present stated, "Hell, there's no security left." P. 112
In 1972, Harold Puthoff was involved in laser research at SRI. Putoff  became persuaded that "war can almost always be traced to a failure in intelligence, and that therefore, the strongest weapon for peace is good intelligence." Puthoff's colleague, Russell Targ, who had a long history of involvement in parapsychology, joined the team. By 1975, Puthoff and Targ could report that: "The development of this capability [RV] at SRI has evolved to the point where visiting CIA personnel with no previous exposure to such concepts have performed well under controlled laboratory conditions (that is, generated target descriptions of sufficiently high quality to permit blind matching of descriptions to targets by independent judges).  P. 132, 134
One of the most intriguing of the 55 SRI experiments  was "to ascertain if remote sensing could extend to a very far distance. The target chosen was the planet Jupiter. The date of the experiment 27 April 1973. In the course of this attempt, a ring around Jupiter was discovered. The existence of the ring was confirmed in early 1979, six years later. The 300-page report of this viewing was sent to a number of scientific institutions, including NASA. P. 134, 135
Some of the results of RV experiments were startling. Between 1975/76,  Ingo Swann was asked to remote view Soviet submarines. According to Swann, "all sorts of brass [were] sitting there. Puthoff was on my left, and this two or three star general was on my right. This was one of those 'big tests' with witnesses, and the room was filled. And so I was doing my remote viewing, and I came across something. I stopped in my tracks. I looked at it and said, 'Oh my God.' I whispered over Hal's ear and said 'Hal, I don't know what to do. I think this submarine has shot down a UFO or the UFO fired on her. What shall I do? Puthoff was as pale as anything. He looked at me and whispered, 'You do what you think you should do." So I sketched out this picture of this UFO and this brass sitting on my right grabbed it."....Three days later Puthoff got a call. The call said, "OK, how much money do you want?"  P. 136, 137
The SRI remote viewers were studied by top physicists.  Ingo Swann and Uri Geller surprised Nobel laureate Brian Josephson. Both of them managed to deflect the needle on a chart recorder to such a degree that Josephson suggested that physics needed to adopt a new paradigm to incorporate hidden variables and universal intelligence. P. 114
In the early 80s, when it was at its peak, the RV program employed seven full-time viewers supported by teams of administrative and analytical personnel. Yet, the US military misled both Congress and the media at the time of these experiments because of growing concern for psychic security. The Pentagon's Advanced Research Project Agency (ARPA) decided to evaluate Geller at SRI in 1972. Their evaluation was negative and Geller was accused of fraud and using magic tricks. However, their evaluation was deliberately flawed. For example, instead of blindfolding Geller, as SRI had always done, he was asked to cover his eyes with his hands. They then accused him of peeking. SRI vehemently criticized ARPA's review and called it a debacle.  Three months after ARPA's review, Jeon Jaroff published an article in Time presenting Targ and Puthoff as sloppy researchers and Geller as a fraud. P. 115, 116
Despite a campaign of disinformation by US military and intelligence, the US House of Representatives in June 1981 released a 530-page study  based on two years research. It stated: "In the area of national defense, there are obvious implications of one's ability to identify distant sites and affect sensitive instruments. A general recognition of the degree of inter-connectiveness of minds could have far-reaching social and political implications for this nation and the world." Two years later, another report from the Congressional Research Service echoed the same views. The report was entitled Research into 'Psi' Phenomena: Current Status and Trends of Congressional Concern. P. 116
In July 1995 the CIA went public and declared its interest in Remote Viewing.  As a result, much new information became available. At that time, the CIA and US Department of Defense had a 22-year operational track record in RV. The CIA was involved from 1973 to 1977, and the DOD from 1977 to 1995. In 1995, the CIA declassified and released RV documents. P. 127
Jose Delgado's development of the Stimoceiver in the 1950s brought intelligence agencies' ultimate dream of controlling human behavior one step closer to reality. The Stimoceiver–a miniature electrode capable of receiving and transmitting electronic signals by FM radio–could be placed within an individual's cranium. And once in place, an outside operator could manipulate the subject's responses. Delgado demonstrated the potential of his Stimoceivers by wiring a fully-grown bull. With the device in place, Delgado stepped into the ring with the bull. The animal charged towards the experimenter – and then suddenly stopped, just before it reached him. The powerful beast had been stopped with the simple action of pushing a button on a small box held in Delgado's hand.  P. 147
In 1966, Delgado asserted that his experiments  "support the distasteful conclusion that motion, emotion and behavior can be directed by electrical forces and that humans can be controlled like robots by push buttons. P. 147
The records on Subproject 94, part of Project MKULTRA, dated 22 November 1961, describe the purpose: "Miniaturized stimulating electrode implants in specific brain center areas will be utilized. The feasibility of remote control of activities in several species of animals has been demonstrated. The present investigations are directed toward improvement of techniques and will provide precise mapping of the useful brain centers. The ultimate objective of this research is to provide an understanding of the mechanisms involved in the directional control of animals and to provide practical systems suitable for (deleted – 'human'?) application." P. 149
A file released by the US Army dated 22 August 1975 is a demonstration of how patients were used as guinea pigs for mind control studies. Electrodes were inserted into parts of their brains, ostensibly because it could help to heal them. P. 151
Robert G. Heath, of Tulane University, achieved great notoriety by implanting 125 electrodes in his subjects, in an attempt to 'cure' homosexuality with ESB (electronic stimulation of the brain). He discovered that he could control his patients by inducing fear, arousal, hallucination, and pleasure.  John C. Lilly accomplished similar effects using devices of his own invention during the 1950s. Using ESB, monkeys continually stimulated themselves to orgasm at three-minute intervals for sixteen hours a day.  P. 149, 150
Dr. Lilly once reminded the director of the National Institute for Mental Health of an important dilemma: "Dr. Remond has demonstrated that this method of stimulation of the brain can be applied to the human without the help of a neurosurgeon. This means that anyone with the proper apparatus can carry this out on a person covertly, with no external signs that electrodes have been used on that person. If this technique got into the hands of a security agency, they would have control over a human being and be able to change his beliefs extremely quickly, leaving little evidence of what they had done."  P. 151
1954 was the height of Project ARTICHOKE's attempt to use hypnosis to 'program' an assassin. The Agency [CIA] had discovered that "a posthypnotic suggestion is believed to remain effective for several months, and for years if periodically reinforced."  P. 155, 156
J.G. Watkins  "induced a soldier to strike a superior officer by suggesting that the officer was a Japanese soldier." He obtained from a hypnotized WAC "information classified secret that she had previously told him she would not reveal." Two subjects who were told to throw sulphuric acid at a laboratory assistant (protected by glass) complied with the hypnotist's commands.  P. Janet  asked a deeply hypnotized female to commit several murders before a distinguished group of judges, stabbing some victims with rubber daggers and poisoning others with sugar tablets. The hypnotized subject did all these without hesitation. P. 158, 160
Remote hypnosis was also studied. One of the special projects that the CIA has never officially admitted involved the use of a Stimoceiver to induce a hypnotic state. The nasal cavity and the ear were generally used for implantation. Former FBI agent, Arthur J. Ford, who left the Bureau to become a journalist under the name of Lincoln Lawrence,  was the first to reveal this in his 1965 book Were we Controlled? P. 161
According to a CIA source, a subject could also carry out orders for his or her personal destruction. This was usually done at the completion of a mission for which the subject was initially programmed. If the subject becomes a liability, the 'self-destruction' mechanism could be triggered before completion of the main task. The method would leave behind no clue for enemy investigators. P. 163
Non-lethal Weaponry and Waging War
From 1960 to 1965, the American Embassy in Moscow was targeted by a mixture of electromagnetic waves and microwaves causing a wide range of physical and mental illness among personnel serving there, which culminated in the eventual death of the US Ambassador. The electromagnetic waves beamed at the embassy were in the short 'S' and long 'L' spectrum and had complex modulations, some of which were random. P. 191, 192
In April 1976, Secretary of State Henry Kissinger sent the following telegram to the US Embassy in Moscow: "Beginning in 1960, the Soviet Union directed high frequency beams of radiation at the US Embassy in Moscow which were calculated not to pick up intelligence, but cause physiological effects on personnel. It has been verified that the effects are not temporary. Definitely tied to such electromagnetic waves are: (A) Cataracts, (B) Heart attacks, (C) Malignancies, (D) Circulatory problems, and (E) Permanent deterioration of the nervous system. In most cases, the after-effects do not become evident until long after exposure – a decade or more." P. 189, 191, 192
The former Soviet Union had a long history of psychic manipulation programs using techniques such as psychotronics – the use of radiated energy. At the 1978 SALT peace talks, Russian President Brezhnev suggested banning weapons "more frightful than the mind of man has ever conceived." Although no public admission of this was made, the Soviet's research was clearly worrying the US. And there was good reason to be concerned. For example, in 1974, Kaznacheyev believed that he had demonstrated death could be caused by beaming ultraviolet rays from a distance.  Pavlita, a Czech engineer, showed he could kill insects at distance by using psychotronic devices. Soviet scientists were able to kill goats at ranges beyond one kilometer."  P. 189, 192, 193
Trying to play catch-up, the US Army and Navy embarked on intensive research programs encompassing aspects of electromagnetics, microwaves, radio transmissions, and so on. Most of these programs were highly classified. Some sections which had not been initially classified were reclassified in the late 1970s. Laws were introduced to curtail any inquiries made by the public. University authorities were banned from questioning the members of their own academic fraternity engaged in such programs. Educational values and ethics became irrelevant. The results of some of the experimental programs were shocking.  P. 194
Extensive testing was conducted in the Army, Navy, Air Force, and CIA, either through contractors or in their own laboratories. Contractors provided non-volunteer human testers. Several military contracts involved working in highly dangerous environments. Years later, a flood of court cases brought by unwitting victims once more raised the serious question: does the end justify the means? Several lives were lost, yet no liability has ever been admitted by the establishments or their contractors. The situation remains the same today.  P. 195
Since 1961, work by Frey and others has shown that microwave energy is capable of producing tachycardia (speeding of the heartbeat) and bradycardia (slowing of the heartbeat). A 1976 US State Department report suggested it was possible to induce a heart attack in a person from a distance with radar.  P. 162, 167
In 1973, Bawin et al.,  provided evidence that brain waves can be inhibited or enhanced by low power VHF energy. Animal brainwave patterns went from waking to comatose when Becker placed a magnetic field at the right angle to the brainstem.  By 1974, SRI had developed a computer system capable of reading a person's mind by correlating the brain waves of subjects on an electroencephalograph with specific commands.  The concept of mind-reading computers is no longer science fiction. Neither is their use by Big Brotherly governments. Major Edward Dames said in April 1995 on NBC's The Other Side program: "The US government has an electronic device which could implant thoughts in people." Dames would not comment any further. P. 167, 170, 172
On 22 April 1993, the main evening news on BBC Television broadcast a story on a new American development – a non-lethal weapon. David Shukman, Defense Correspondent, interviewed US Army Colonel John B. Alexander and Janet Morris, two of the main proponents of a concept of disorientating an enemy and rendering them incapable of retaliating without actually causing any obvious physical harm.  The main person behind this concept was Col. Alexander. He spent part of his career as a Commander of Green Berets Special Forces in Vietnam, and currently holds the post of Director of Non-lethal Programs at Los Alamos National Laboratories. P. 175, 179
In 1991, Janet Morris issued a number of papers  and the US Army published a detailed draft report on 'Operations Concept for Disabling Measures.' Laboratories were "developing a high power, very low frequency acoustic beam weapon" projecting non-penetrating, high frequency acoustic bullets. According to one Morris paper, US Special Operations Command already had a portable microwave weapon.  "US Special Forces can cook internal organs."  'Infrasound' used acoustic beams. Very low frequency (VLF) sound, or low frequency RF modulations can cause nausea, vomiting and abdominal pains. "Some very low frequency sound generators, in certain frequency ranges, can cause the disruption of human organs and, at high power levels, can crumble masonry."  P. 176, 178, 179
That such weapons have been used can be in little doubt. When the deployment of Cruise missiles at American bases in the UK was at its height, women peace campaigners staged a series of highly publicized peaceful protests. In late 1985, the women living in the peace camps at Greenham Common began to experience unusual patterns of illness, ranging from severe headaches, drowsiness, menstrual bleeding after the onset of menopause, to bouts of temporary paralysis and faulty speech coordination. Electronics Today magazine carried out a number of measurements, and in December 1985 published their report which concluded: "Readings taken with a wide range of signal strength meters showed marked increases in the background signal level near one of the women's camps at a time when they claimed to be experiencing ill effects." They noted that if the women created noise or a disturbance near the fence, the signals rose sharply. P. 201
The evidence suggests that the technology to produce 'voices in the head' does exist. The Dept. of Defense acquired technology to alter consciousness through various projects and programs. The abstract from one program states: "A system for altering the states of human consciousness involves the simultaneous application of multiple stimuli, preferably sounds, having different frequencies and wave forms."  From another: "Researchers have devised a variety of systems for stimulating the brain to exhibit specific brain wave rhythms and thereby alter the state of consciousness of the individual subject."  Silent subliminal messages were "used throughout Operation Desert Storm (Iraq) quite successfully."  P. 203, 204
Various types of apparatus have been tested and used to 'inject' intelligible sounds into the heads of human beings. Sound could also be induced in someone's head by radiating the head with radio waves including microwaves in the range of 100 to 10,000 MHz, that are modulated with particular waveform. P. 204
The latest development in the technology of induced fear and mind control is the cloning of the human EEG or brain waves of any targeted victim, or indeed groups. With the use of powerful computers, segments of human emotions which include anger, anxiety, sadness, fear, embarrassment, jealousy, resentment, shame, and terror, have been identified and isolated within the EEG signals as 'emotion signature clusters.' Their relevant frequencies and amplitudes have been measured. Then the very frequency/amplitude cluster is synthesized and stored on another computer. Each one of these negative emotions is properly and separately tagged. They are then placed on the Silent Sound carrier frequencies and could silently trigger the occurrence of the same basic emotion in another human being. P. 205
The entire non-lethal weapon concept is literally a Pandora's Box of unknown consequences. P. 179
 Final Report. Book 1, Foreign and Military Intelligence. Senate Select Committee to Study Government Operations with Respect to Intelligence Activities, 94th Congress, 2nd Session, 26 April 1976, Special Report No. 94-755 (Better known as the Church Committee Report). See Book 1, p. 406. For instructions on how to order this document from the National Archives, click here. For a related article on George Washington University's National Security Archive website, click here. A part of Book 1 of the Chruch Committee Report is available at the above website through the first link in the section titled "A Critique." For an excellent Wikipedia article, click here.
 Simpson, C. Blowback. The First Full Account of America's Recruitment of Nazis, and the Disastrous Effect on Our Domestic and Foreign Policy. New York: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1988. To order this book, click here.
 Human Drug Testing by CIA, p 202. Joint Hearing, Before the Select Committee on Health and Scientific Research of the Committee on Human Resources, US Senate, 95th Congress, 1st Session, 3 August 1977. The administrator was Sydney Gottlieb, head of TSD.
Final Report. Book 1, Foreign and Military Intelligence. Senate Select Committee to Study Government Operations with Respect to Intelligence Activities, 94th Congress, 2nd Session, 26 April 1976, Special Report No. 94-755 (Better known as the Church Committee Report). See Book 1, p. 406. For instructions on how to order this document from the National Archives, click here. For a related article on George Washington University's National Security Archive website, click here. A part of Book 1 of the Chruch Committee Report is available at the above website through the first link in the section titled "A Critique." For an excellent Wikipedia article, click here.
 Eringer, Robert. Secret Agent Man. Rolling Stone, 1985
 Memorandum from ADDP Helms to DCI Dulles, dated 3 April 1953, Tab A, pp. 1-2 (p. 30 on CDs), CIA MORI ID 17748. This is a declassified CIA mind control document. To verify the statement in the text, use the FOIA (Freedom of Information Act) request as described above. You should receive the government mind control CDs within a month of your request. Once you receive them, look up the MORI ID number listed. For free access to these documents, visit our archive of declassified mind control documents. To go directly to the CIA document quoted, for page 30, click here. For page 32, click here. For page 33, click here. For page 34, click here.
 Ibid. Church Committee Report, Book 1, p. 402
 CIA MORI ID 17748, pp. 1, 6. Report of the Inspection of MKULTRA/TSD, 26 July 1963.This is a declassified CIA document mind control. To verify the statement in the text, use the FOIA (Freedom of Information Act) request as described on our ten-page mind control summary available here. You should receive the government mind control CDs within a month of your request. Once you receive them, look up the MORI ID number listed. For free access to these documents, visit our archive of declassified mind control documents. To go directly to the CIA document quoted, for page 1, click here. For page 6, click here.
 Chan MD, Wallace L. Memorandum for the Record: Establishing and substantiating the 'bona fides' of agent and/or staff personnel through techniques and methods other than interrogation. Undated.
 Summary Report on CIA Investigation of MKNAOMI, Report Book I, pp. 360-63. Also see Kennedy Subcommittee Hearings on Biological Testing Involving Human Subjects by DOD, 1977
 Francis Gary Powers, the U-2 pilot captured by Soviet Union, carried one such toxin concealed in a silver dollar, and did not use it.
 Church Committee Report, book 1 p. 395, states that one of the three principal functions of the Special Operations Division (SOD) of the US Army Biological Center at Fort Detrick was to conduct "biological research for the CIA." In early 1952, SOD agreed "to assist CIA in developing, testing, and maintaining biological agents delivery systems. By this agreement, CIA acquired the knowledge, skill, and facilities of the Army to develop biological weapons suited for the CIA's use." Church Committee Report, Book 1, p. 389. Many of the early CIA LSD tests were conducted at Fort Detrick. For instructions on ordering this document from the National Archives, click here. For an excellent discussion on George Washington University's National Security Archive website, click here. A part of Book 1 of the Chruch Committee Report is available at the first link in the section title "A Critique."
 USAINTC Letter to ACSI, DA. Subject: Staff Study: Material Testing Program EA1279, dated 15 October 1959. (Includes a reference to ACSI-SC letter, 27 July 1959, requesting study.)
 Daly, Prof. Robert - expert in sensory deprivation. A graduate from Dublin University, Rep. Of Ireland. Instructor in psychiatry at the University of North Carolina. Later a lecturer at Edinburgh University before taking post at the University College, Cork, Rep. Of Ireland.
 Daly, Robert. Psychiatric After-effects of Irish Prisoners Subjected to Ill-Treatment and Torture. New Scientist, 5, August 1976
 Puharich, A. The Sacred Mushroom, Garden City, New York: Doubleday, 1959
 Among the half dozen senators supporting the program, were Clairborne Pell [D-Rhode Island] and Robert C. Byrd [D-W. Virginia]. In the course of the program, C. Richard D'Amoto, Senator Byrd's staff member, and an intelligence specialist, several times successfully quashed DIA's effort to kill the RV program.
 A May 1992 Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA) document, classified Secret/NOFORN, still reflects the US intelligence community fears about psychic research: "Photography and available open source literature concerning the scope and thrust of the Chinese PS [parapsychology] effort. Collection efforts are an attempt to update DIA holdings and plug a 5-10 year intelligence gap in this area."
 British newspapers gave a variety of figures. The Sunday Times, Dec.3 1995, quoted the figure $12 million, and Guardian, Sep. 30 1995, quoted a figure of $11 million.
 Novel Biophysical Information Transfer Mechanist (NBIT), Final Report. Jan. 14, 1975. Records released to author by the CIA.
 Swann, Ingo. Remote Viewing as One of Sidhis, January 10, 1996, Internet. Also see Rivlin, Robert & Gravelle, Karen. The Expanding World of Human Perception. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1984.
 Wilhelm, John L. Psychic Spying. Washington Post, Sunday Magazine, Aug. 7, 1977
 Mumford Phd, Michael D., Rose, Phd, Andrew M., & Goslin, Phd, David A. An Evaluation of Remote Viewing: Research and Applications. Prepared by the American Institute of Research (AIR), Sep. 29, 1995. Executive Summary; Research Evaluation. After the publication of this report in Jan. 1996, Congress, with the DOD and CIA, halted further funding for psychic research.
 Perceptual Augmentation Techniques [Classified Secret], Part One – Executive Summary. Final Report Covering the Period Jan. 74 through Feb. 75, H.E. Puthoff, and Russell Targ. Electronics and Bioengineering Laboratory, SRI Project 3183. Approved by Earle Jones, Director, Electronics and Bioengineering Lab., Bonner Cox, Executive Director, Information Science and engineering Division. Records released by the CIA, 1995
 Swann, Ingo. The 1973 Remote Viewing Probe of the Planet Jupiter. Internet. December 12, 1995. Ms. Beverly Humphrey, a research associate and statistical analyst, SRI Radio Physics Lab., prepared a formal report on behalf of Puthoff and Targ. The report was 300 pages long, and was widely distributed. Also, see Puthoff, H.E. and Targ, Russell. Mind Reach. Delacorate Press/Eleanor/Friede, New York, 1977
 Russel Targ confirmed that some RV work was done on the Soviets' submarines, but the result was never fed back to them due to the classified nature of the relevant program. Telephone conversation with Targ, April 23, 1996.
 Swann, Ingo. Interview on "Dreamland" transcribed Organization (sic; literal transcription): University of Wisconsin, Dec. 12, 1996
 McRae, Ronald M. Mind Wars, New York: St. Martin Press, 1984, p. 78-79, and Brian Josephson speaking on the BBC World Service radio program "The Unexplained, May 5, 1987.
 McRae, Ronald M. Mind Wars, New York: St. Martin Press, 1984, p. 82, 84
US House of Representatives, June 1981, Survey of Science and Technology Issues Present and Future, 530-pages
 While in letters of July 22 and November 27, 1992, the CIA had previously denied the author having any documents on this subject, it has now admitted to possessing over one hundred thousand pages of records.
 Copies of these documents were sent to me in Aug. 1995
 New York Times, May 17, 1965, front page, 'Matador' With a Radio Stops Wired Bull; Modified Behavior in Animals Subject of Brain Study. Instructions to access this article in the Times archives and our free copy of the article are available here.
 Kreech, David. Controlling the Mind Controllers. THINK 32, July/August 1966
 Lilly, p.90
 Lilly, p. 91
 Hypnosis in Intelligence - Technical Report (Confidential – CIA), October 1966.
 Fisher, S. An Investigation of Alleged Conditioning Phenomena Under Hypnosis. Journal of Clinical Experimental Hypnosis, 1955, 3, pp. 71-103
 Rowland, L.W., Will Hypnotized Persons Try to Harm Themselves or Others? Journal of Abnormal Social Psychology, 1939, 34, pp. 114-117
 Lawrence's real name was given to me by more than one source as Arthur J. Ford.
 Kaznacheyev, V.P., et al. Apparent Information Transfer Between Two Groups of Cells, Psychoenergetic System, Vol.1, Dec. 1974, and Distant Intercellular Interactions in a System of Two Issue Cultures, Psychoenergetic System, Vol. 1, no. 3, March 1976. John Alexander, the founding father of the non-lethal weapon concept, also has a keen interest in this subject. Several of his on the record conversations with various American researchers, examining the possibilities of inducing illness form a distance, are in my archives.
 Personal correspondence with an American biophysicist who participated in an exchange program at the University of Prague in 1979. See details in The New Mental Battlefield. Military Review, English Edition. December 1980
 The Naval Aerospace Medical Research Laboratory in Pensacola, Florida, in the course of their tests carried out in Project SANGUINE, in Clam Lake, discovered that exposure to the magnetic field component in the SANGUINE antenna – within an ELF field of 45 to 74 Hz.- produced stress identical to that induced by gross alcohol consumption: Records released by the US Navy on Project SANGUINE to the author. See also Becker, Robert. Cross Currents. Jeremy P. Tarcher, Inc., Los Angeles, p. 202
 Victorian, Armen. The Killing of Robert Strom. Open Eye,No. 3, 1995. The Strom story was covered by CBS News Sixty Minutes, Strom vs. Boeing, produced by David Aummel, March 5, 1989
 Microwave US-USSR, Vol VI, July-Dec. 1976 p. 4, Office of Security, US Dept. of State.
 Bawin, S.M., Gavlas-Medici, R.J., & Adey, W.R. Effects of Modulated VHF Fields on Specific Brain Rhythms in Cats. Brain Research, Vol.58, 1973, pp. 365-384
 Telephone conversation with the author, May 1992
 Mind Reading Computer. Time, July 1, 1974, p. 67. You can read the entire article in the archives of Time at http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,942916,00.html. See also Rorvik, David M. As Man Becomes Machine. London: Sphere Books, 1979. To order this book, click here.
 Letter dated April 2, 1993, to author from Mrs. Victoria Alexander
 The USGSC has issued a wide variety of papers on the nonlethal weapons concept. For example, In Search of Nonlethal Strategy,by Janet Morris; Nonlethality: A Global Strategy- White Paper; Nonlethality Briefing Supplement No. 1; and nonlethality in the Operational Continuum.
 Taped conversation with Janet Morris, March 1, 1993
 Wall Street Journal, Jan. 4, 1993.
 Morris, Janet. In Search of a Non-lethal Strategy. USGCS, p. 14.